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History

History

Since its first days in 1969, BPI has been at the front lines of social justice in the Chicago region. Founded by visionary corporate leader Gordon Sherman, CEO of the Midas Muffler Company to fight for the public interest “against all inequities,” BPI’s voice has never been muffled.

While our broad mission has allowed BPI to tackle a diverse array of issues over the years, our commitment to systemic change that delivers equity and increases opportunity for Chicago-region families and individuals remains true to the spirit of justice and social responsibility that motivated our founders to create BPI amid the backdrop of the civil rights movement and war in Vietnam.

Under the direction of our first Executive Director, attorney and activist Marshall Patner, BPI gained notice for a number of initiatives, including a media campaign opposing the City's now unthinkable plan to create a new airport in Lake Michigan. The campaign's provocative theme—"Don't Do It in the Lake"— ignited a highly successful effort to defeat the City's ill-conceived plan.

In 1970, Alex Polikoff joined BPI as Executive Director, bringing with him Gautreaux v. CHA, a civil rights case he had pursued on a pro-bono basis as an ACLU volunteer. Fueled by BPI’s landmark U.S. Supreme Court victory in 1976 Gautreaux became one of the leading civil rights cases of our time, improving life opportunities for thousands of public housing families and continuing to protect the rights of public housing residents around the country today.

Former BPI Board President and current Executive Director Hoy McConnell succeeded Alex in 1999, bringing not only his executive management and leadership acumen honed over a long professional career in advertising, but a deep engagement in BPI’s issues acquired through many years of service as a BPI Board member.

Today, BPI lawyers and policy specialists continue to develop innovative policies and programs, advance effective strategies, litigate impactful issues, catalyze strong coalitions, and help advance progress toward our overarching goal of helping to create a just society.

Guided by Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s statement—“The arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends towards justice”—BPI recently adopted a new themeline, “For a Just Society.” Those four words succinctly sum up our 44-year history of advocacy and action for social justice—just as they define our future.

Proceeding from the most recent back through BPI history, the milestones listed here provide a roadmap through the many-layered terrain of BPI's public interest law and policy work over the last 45 years: public and affordable housing, education reform, environmental action, civil rights, political reform issues…the list is long and the scope is broad.

“BPI is a little bit of redemption, a humanizing contribution in a world where horrors abound.” -Gordon Sherman, BPI Founder

16 Milestones in BPI's History

  • 2014: BPI and community partners celebrate two years of the Altgeld-Riverdale Early Learning Coalition, a collaborative coalition dedicated to improving the life prospects of young children in the community.
     
  • 2013: BPI leads effort to pass new Illinois law holding financial institutions responsible for maintaining foreclosed and abandoned properties.
     
  • 2013: BPI receives the MacArthur Award for Creative and Effective Institutions, one of 15 organizations worldwide.
     
  • 2012: BPI launches Early Childhood Learning Initiative in CHA's Altgeld Gardens and Chicago's Riverdale community.
     
  • 2011: BPI appointed pro bono counsel for Chicago's Inspector General in lawsuit against the City Corporation Counsel.
     
  • 2010: BPI files lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of the Illinois school funding system on the ground that it violates the equal protection clause of the State Constitution.
     
  • 2009: BPI releases The Third Side: A Mid-Course Report on Chicago’s Transformation of Public Housing, a comprehensive assessment of progress made and recommendations for the future.
     
  • 2003: BPI leads successful effort to secure passage of the Affordable Housing Planning and Appeal Act, an important first step in dismantling exclusionary barriers to new housing for working families.
     
  • 2000: BPI leads efforts to form The Young Women's Leadership Charter School of Chicago for girls grade seven through 12 seeking a superior public education in math, science and technology.
     
  • 1995: BPI plays key role in securing adoption of a resolution supporting the formation of small schools by the Chicago Public Schools Reform Board of Trustees.
     
  • 1993: BPI's lawsuit results in Commonwealth Edison Company agreeing to make a $1.3 billion refund to consumers over safety and cost issues related to its nuclear reactors.
     
  • 1987: BPI secures Court appointment of a Receiver to oversee development plans of the  Chicago Housing Authority.
     
  • 1980: BPI and its partners settle the lengthy "spy case" against the FBI, establishing the strictest rules against political surveillance in the nation.
     
  • 1976: BPI wins its Gautreaux lawsuit in the U.S. Supreme Court, establishing the important principle that metropolitan-wide approaches are permissible to remedy central city housing segregation.
     
  • 1971: BPI sues — and eventually wins — to prevent construction of the Bailly nuclear power plant in the Indiana Dunes.
     
  • 1969: In its first year, BPI's "Don't Do It in the Lake" campaign galvanizes public sentiment, and against great odds, helps prevent construction of an airport in Lake Michigan.

 

Recipient of the MacArthur Award for Creative and Effective Institutions

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